Petrogenesis and shock metamorphism of the enriched lherzolitic shergottite Northwest Africa 7755

Shu-Zhou Wang, Ai-Cheng Zhang, Run-Lian Pang, Jia-Ni Chen, Li-Xin Gu and Ru-Cheng Wang

Meteoritics & Planetary Science. doi: 10.1111/maps.12931

First published: 14 August 2017

“Northwest Africa (NWA) 7755 is a newly found enriched lherzolitic shergottite. Here, we report its detailed petrography and mineralogy. NWA 7755 contains both poikilitic and non-poikilitic lithologies. Olivine has different compositional ranges in the poikilitic and non-poikilitic lithologies, Fa30–39 and Fa37–40, respectively. Pyroxene in the non-poikilitic lithology is systematically Fe-richer than that in the poikilitic lithology. The chromite grains in non-poikilitic lithology are highly Ti-richer than those in the poikilitic lithology. The chemical variations of olivine, pyroxene, and chromite between the poikilitic and non-poikilitic lithologies support a two-stage formation model of lherzolitic shergottites. Besides planar fractures and strong mosaicism in olivine and pyroxene, shock-induced melt veins and pockets are observed in NWA 7755. Olivine grains within and adjacent to melt veins and/or pockets have either transformed to ringwoodite, amorphous phase, or dissociated to bridgmanite plus magnesiowüstite. Merrillite in melt veins has completely transformed to tuite; however, apatite only has partially transformed to tuite, indicating a relatively sluggish transformation rate. The partial transformation from apatite to tuite resulted in fractional devolatilization of Cl and F in apatite. The fine-grained mineral assemblage in melt veins consists mainly of bridgmanite, minor magnesiowüstite, Fe-sulfide, Fe-phosphide, and Ca-phosphate minerals. The coexistence of bridgmanite and magnesiowüstite in these veins indicates a shock pressure of >~24 GPa and a temperature of 1800–2000 °C. Coesite and seifertite are probably present in NWA 7755. The presence of these high-pressure minerals indicates that NWA 7755 has experienced a more intense shock metamorphism than other enriched lherzolitic shergottites.”