An evaluation method of reflectance spectra to be obtained by Hayabusa2 Near-Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) based on laboratory measurements of carbonaceous chondritesOPEN ACCESS 

Moe Matsuoka, Tomoki Nakamura, Takahito Osawa, Takahiro Iwata, Kohei Kitazato, Masanao Abe, Yusuke Nakauchi, Takehiko Arai, Mutsumi Komatsu, Takahiro Hiroi, Naoya Imae, Akira Yamaguchi, Hideyasu Kojima

Earth, Planets and Space
December 2017, 69:120
First Online:04 September 2017


“We conducted ground-based performance evaluation tests of the Near-Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) onboard Hayabusa2 spacecraft in November 2013 and from April to May 2014 and established a method for evaluating its measured reflectance spectra. Reflectance spectra of nine powdered carbonaceous chondrite samples were measured by both NIRS3 and a Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrometer. We have established two methods for correcting the NIRS3 data by comparing them with the corresponding FT-IR data because raw data obtained by NIRS3 underwent spectral distortion caused by systematic offsets in sensitivity of individual pixels. The corrected NIRS3 spectra of carbonaceous chondrite samples are comparable with their FT-IR spectra. The depth of each band component Dλ is defined for each wavelength λ (μm) to characterize the absorption bands in NIRS3 spectra. It is suggested that the relationship between the D2.72/D2.79 ratio and the D2.76/D2.90 ratio would be useful for estimating the degree of heating of the asteroid surface, if contributions of terrestrial adsorbed water on D2.79 and D2.90 are properly corrected. The degrees of heating and space weathering are also comprehensively evaluated by the relationship between D2.90 and the D2.76/D2.90 ratio. Reflectance spectra of asteroid Ryugu, the target asteroid of Hayabusa2, to be recorded by the NIRS3 instrument are expected to reveal the characteristics of the surface materials by using the evaluation technique proposed in this paper. Such information will be used for choosing the touchdown points for sampling and also for investigating the distribution of the materials similar to the returned samples on Ryugu.”