Chondrules in enstatite chondritesOPEN ACCESS
Emmanuel Jacquet, Laurette Piani, Michael K. Weisberg
Submitted manuscript for a chapter in the book “Chondrules and the protoplanetary disc” (editors : S. Russell, H. C. Connolly Jr, A. N. Krot) to be published by Cambridge University Press in 2018. This version is free to view and download for personal use only.
“We review silicate chondrules and metal-sulfide nodules in unequilibrated enstatite chondrites (EH3 and EL3). Their unique mineralogical assemblage, with a wide diversity of opaque phases, nitrides, nearly FeO-free enstatite etc. testify to exceptionally reduced conditions. While those have long been ascribed to a condensation sequence at supersolar C/O ratios, with the oldhamite-rich nodules among the earliest condensates, evidence for relatively oxidized local precursors suggests that their peculiarities may have been acquired during the chondrule-forming process itself. Silicate phases may have been then sulfidized in an O-poor and S-rich environment; metal-sulfide nodules in EH3 chondrites could have originated in the silicate chondrules whereas those in EL3 may be impact products. The astrophysical setting (nebular or planetary) where such conditions were achieved, whether by depletion in water or enrichment in dry organics-silicate mixtures, is uncertain, but was most likely sited inside the snow line, consistent with the Earth-like oxygen isotopic signature of most EC silicates, with little data constraining its epoch yet.