Chemical, isotopic and amino acid composition of Mukundpura CM2.0 (CM1) chondrite: Evidence of parent body aqueous alterationOPEN ACCESS 

N.G. Rudraswami, A.K. Naik, R.P. Tripathi, N. Bhandari, S.G. Karapurkar, M.Shyam Prasad, E.V.S.S.K. Babu, V. Sarathi

Geoscience Frontiers, In Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available online 17 February 2018




• Mukundpura has turned out to be quite a unique CM2.0 (CM1) chondrite based on its chemical composition, texture, mineralogy, water content, N and C bulk content, N and C carbon isotope, trace elements, and amino acids, it can be considered as one of the most primitive meteorites.
• The Mukundpura chondrite has the least chondrule to matrix ratio indicative of large aqueous alteration on its parent body.
• The evidence of large quantity of organic matter also support the primitiveness of this chondrite.”

“The carbonaceous chondrites are intriguing and unique in the sense that they are the only rocks that provide pristine records of the early solar nebular processes. We report here results of a detailed mineralogical, chemical, amino acid and isotopic studies of a recently observed fall at Mukundpura, near Jaipur in Rajasthan, India. Abundance of olivines in this meteorite is low and of serpentine minerals is high. FeO/SiO2 =1.05 in its Poorly Characterised Phases (PCP) is similar to that observed in other CM2.0 chondrites. The water content of ∼9.8 wt.% is similar to that found in many other CM chondrites. Microscopic examination of matrix shows that its terrestrial weathering grade is W0 but aqueous parent body alteration is high, as reflected in low abundance of identifiable chondrules and abundant remnants of chondrules (∼7%). Thus, most of the chondrules formed initially have been significantly altered or dissolved by aqueous alterations on their parent bodies. The measured bulk carbon (2.3%) and nitrogen content and their isotopic (δ13C= −5.5‰, δ15N=23.6‰) composition is consistent with CM2.0 classification probably bordering CM1. Several amino acids such as Alanine, Serine, Proline, Valine, Threonine, Leucine, Isoleucine, Asparagine and Histamine are present. Tyrosine and Tryptophan may occur in trace amounts which could not be precisely determined. All these data show that Mukundpura chondrite lies at the boundary of CM2.0 and CM1 type carbonaceous chondrites making it one of the most primitive chondrites.”