Investigation of carbonates in the Sutter’s Mill meteorite grains with hyperspectral infrared imaging micro-spectroscopy

Mehmet, Yesiltas

Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Volume 194, 5 April 2018, Pages 92-101



• High resolution hyperspectral FTIR imaging microspectroscopy is applied to the Sutter’s Mill meteorite.
• Different dominating silicate mineralogies are presented.
• Spatial distribution of carbonates is shown.
• Compositional changes in the carbonates are spatially-resolved.”

“Synchrotron-based high spatial resolution hyperspectral infrared imaging technique provides thousands of infrared spectra with high resolution, thus allowing us to acquire detailed spatial maps of chemical molecular structures for many grains in short times. Utilizing this technique, thousands of infrared spectra were analyzed at once instead of inspecting each spectrum separately. Sutter’s Mill meteorite is a unique carbonaceous type meteorite with highly heterogeneous chemical composition. Multiple grains from the Sutter’s Mill meteorite have been studied using this technique and the presence of both hydrous and anhydrous silicate minerals have been observed. It is observed that the carbonate mineralogy varies from simple to more complex carbonates even within a few microns in the meteorite grains. These variations, the type and distribution of calcite-like vs. dolomite-like carbonates are presented by means of hyperspectral FTIR imaging spectroscopy with high resolution. Various scenarios for the formation of different carbonate compositions in the Sutter’s Mill parent body are discussed.”