The initial structure of chondrule dust rims I: electrically neutral grains
C. Xiang, A. Carballido, R.D. Hanna, L.S. Matthews, T.W. Hyde
In Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available online 26 October 2018
• FGRs formed in strong turbulence are more compact and grow more rapidly.
• Times for building FGRs decrease approximately linearly with increasing turbulence.
• As in observed rims, FGR thickness scales linearly with chondrule radius.
• Grain-size coarsens toward outer portions of FGRs, consistent with observations.
• FGRs formed by aggregates are more porous than those formed by single monomers.”
“In order to characterize the early growth of fine-grained dust rims (FGRs) that commonly surround chondrules in carbonaceous chondrites, we perform numerical simulations of dust accretion onto chondrule surfaces. We employ a Monte Carlo algorithm to simulate the collision of dust monomers having radii between 0.5 and 10 μm with chondrules whose radii are between 500 and 1000 μm, in 100-μm increments. The collisions are driven by Brownian motion and solar nebula turbulence. After each collision, the colliding particles either stick at the point of contact, roll or bounce. We limit accretion of dust monomers (and in some cases, dust aggregates) to a small patch of the chondrule surface, for computational expediency. We model the morphology of the dust rim and the trajectory of the dust particle, which are not considered in most of the previous works. Radial profiles of FGR porosity show that rims formed in weak turbulence are more porous (with a porosity of 60-74%) than rims formed in stronger turbulence (with a porosity of 52-60%). The lower end of each range corresponds to large chondrules and the upper end to small chondrules, meaning that the chondrule size also has an impact on FGR porosity. Consistent with laboratory observations of CM chondrites, the thickness of FGRs obtained in the simulations depends linearly on chondrule radius. The collection of single monomers leads to the increase of grain size from the inner to the outer layers of the dust rim. The porosity of FGRs formed by dust aggregates is ∼ 20% greater on average than that of FGRs formed by single monomers. In general, the relatively high porosities that we obtain are consistent with those calculated by previous authors from numerical simulations, as well as with initial FGR porosities inferred from laboratory measurements of rimmed chondrule samples and rimmed chondrule analogs.”