Origin and Evolution of Distinct Molybdenum Isotopic Variabilities within Carbonaceous and Noncarbonaceous Reservoirs

Tetsuya Yokoyama, Yuichiro Nagai, Ryota Fukai, and Takafumi Hirata

The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 883, Number 1


“New high-precision Mo isotopic data were obtained for 10 iron meteorites and two carbonaceous, five ordinary, and two rumuruti chondrites. A clear isotopic dichotomy is observed inμiMo−μ94Mo diagrams between the CC meteorites (carbonaceous chondrites and IVB irons) and other noncarbonaceous (NC) meteorites. The Mo isotope variabilities within the CC meteorites can indicate eithers-process matter distributed heterogeneously throughout various chondritic components in the different outer solar system materials or that generated by a local parent-body processing. In contrast, the presence of two end-member components for the Mo isotope composition, that is, NC-A and NC-B, was suggested in the NC reservoir. The NC-B component represents the remaining counterpart of the gaseous source reservoir for type B calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions, which was presumably formed via thermal processing that destroyedr-process-rich carriers. Two models were proposed to consider the observed Mo isotope variability among the NCs. In model 1, the NC-A reservoir was formed closer to the Sun than the NC-B reservoir by another thermal processing that destroyeds-process-depleted phases. The Mo isotopic composition of the NC region changed via outward motion of particles from the two reservoirs, resulting in a gradual change from NC-A- to NC-B-like components as a function of the heliocentric distance. In model 2, the Mo isotopic composition in individual NCs is controlled by the amount of metal and matrix-like material that is removed from and added to the NC-B reservoir. Such a fractionation process most likely occurred locally in time and/or space in the inner solar system.”