Ti isotopic evidence for a non-CAI refractory component in the inner Solar System

Samuel Ebert, Jan Render, Gregory A. Brennecka, Christoph Burkhardt, Addi Bischoff, Simone Gerber, Thorsten Kleine

Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume 498, 15 September 2018, Pages 257-265
In Press, Available online 20 July 2018


“Understanding the relationships between and among chondritic components of various chondrite groups is of prime importance for deciphering the dynamics of material transport and planetary accretion in the early Solar System. Here we obtain insights into these processes and the reservoirs present by investigating the nucleosynthetic Ti isotopic signatures of individual Ca,Al-rich inclusions (CAIs) and Na–Al-rich chondrules from ordinary and CO chondrites. This specific type of chondrule is of interest as it is thought to have incorporated refractory, CAI-like material as precursors. Our data show that CAIs from ordinary and CO chondrites exhibit 50Ti excesses that are indistinguishable from CV CAIs, and thus indicate a common source reservoir for refractory inclusions in ordinary, CO, and CV chondrites. Na–Al-rich chondrules from CO chondrites also show 50Ti excesses, indicating the presence of CAIs from this reservoir in the precursor materials of CO chondrules. In contrast, Na–Al-rich chondrules from ordinary chondrites show no 50Ti excesses and are indistinguishable from the bulk values for ordinary chondrites. Thus, known CAIs cannot have been the refractory precursor of the Na–Al-rich chondrules in ordinary chondrites. Consequently, within the accretion region of the ordinary chondrites, two different types of refractory components must have existed: (1) a 50Ti-enriched refractory component that is present as CAIs and either arrived at the accretion region of the ordinary chondrites after chondrule formation, or was only present in insignificant amounts, and (2) another type of refractory material without a 50Ti excess, which was involved as precursor in the chondrule formation process. Our data thus imply that refractory components with condensation signatures must have formed in at least two isotopically distinct nebular regions. These may be related to non-carbonaceous and carbonaceous source regions, that is, the inner and outer Solar System, divided by the early formation of Jupiter.”