A Mineralogical Context for the Organic Matter in the Paris Meteorite Determined by A Multi-Technique AnalysisOPEN ACCESS 

Manale Noun, Donia Baklouti,, Rosario Brunetto , Ferenc Borondics, Thomas Calligaro, Zélia Dionnet, Louis Le Sergeant d’Hendecourt, Bilal Nsouli, Isabelle Ribaud, Mohamad Roumie and Serge Della-Negra

Life 2019, 9 (2), 44
Published: 30 May 2019

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“This study is a multi-technique investigation of the Paris carbonaceous chondrite directly applied on two selected 500 × 500 µm² areas of a millimetric fragment, without any chemical extraction. By mapping the partial hydration of the amorphous silicate phase dominating the meteorite sample matrix, infrared spectroscopy gave an interesting glimpse into the way the fluid may have circulated into the sample and partially altered it. The TOF-SIMS in-situ analysis allowed the studying and mapping of the wide diversity of chemical moieties composing the meteorite organic content. The results of the combined techniques show that at the micron scale, the organic matter was always spatially associated with the fine-grained and partially-hydrated amorphous silicates and to the presence of iron in different chemical states. These systematic associations, illustrated in previous studies of other carbonaceous chondrites, were further supported by the identification by TOF-SIMS of cyanide and/or cyanate salts that could be direct remnants of precursor ices that accreted with dust during the parent body formation, and by the detection of different metal-containing large organic ions. Finally, the results obtained emphasized the importance of studying the specific interactions taking place between organic and mineral phases in the chondrite matrix, in order to investigate their role in the evolution story of primitive organic matter in meteorite parent bodies.”