Titanium isotope signatures of calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions from CV and CK chondrites: Implications for early Solar System reservoirs and mixing

Zachary A. Torrano, Gregory A. Brennecka, Curtis D. Williams, Stephen J. Romaniello, Vinai K. Rai, Rebekah R.Hines, Meenakshi Wadhwaa

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
In Press, Journal Pre-proof, Available online 2 August 2019


“Calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions (CAIs) are the first solids to form in the early Solar System, and they exhibit nucleosynthetic anomalies in many isotope systems. The overwhelming majority of isotopic data for CAIs has been limited to inclusions from the CV chondrite Allende and a select few other CV, CO, CM, and ordinary chondrites. It is therefore important to ascertain whether previously reported values for CAIs are representative of the broader CAI-forming region and to make a more rigorous assessment of the extent and implications of isotopic heterogeneity in the early Solar System. Here, we report the mass-independent Ti isotopic compositions of a suite of 23 CAIs of diverse petrologic and geochemical types, including 11 from Allende and 12 from seven other CV3 and CK3 chondrites; the data for CAIs from CK chondrites represent the first reported measurements of Ti isotope compositions of refractory inclusions from this meteorite class. The resolved variation in the mass-independent Ti isotopic compositions of these CAIs indicates that the CAI-forming region of the early Solar System preserved isotopic variability at their time of formation. Nevertheless, the range of Ti isotope compositions reported here for CAIs from CV and CK chondrites falls within the range observed in previously analyzed CAIs from CV, CO, CM, and ordinary chondrites. This implies that CAIs from CV, CK, CO, CM, and ordinary chondrites originated from a common nebular source reservoir characterized by mass-independent isotopic variability in Ti (and other select elements). We further interpret these data to indicate that the Ti isotope anomalies in CAIs represent the isotopic signatures of supernova components in presolar grains that were incorporated into the Solar System in an initially poorly mixed reservoir that was progressively homogenized over time. We conclude that the differing degrees of isotopic variability observed for different elements in normal CAIs are the result of distinct carrier phases and that these CAIs were likely formed towards the final stages of homogenization of the large-scale isotopic heterogeneity that initially existed in the solar nebula.”