Producing Chondrules in the Outer Solar System: The Effect of Ice on Impact Jetting
Cashion M. D., Johnson B. C., Wakita S., Davison T., Krot A. N. et al.
52nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2021), Abstract #1737
“In this work, we simulate collisions between bodies of mixed ice and rock composition to emulate early outer solar system impacts. We determine that ice content significantly reduces the efficiency of chondrule formation by impact jetting.”