Antarctic micrometeorite composed of CP and CS IDP-like material: A micro-breccia originated from a partially ice-melted comet-like small body

Takaaki Noguchi, Rikako Matsumoto, Hikaru Yabuta, Hanae Kobayashi, Akira Miyake, Hiroshi Naraoka, Ryuji Okazaki, Naoya Imae, Akira Yamaguchi, A. L. David Kilcoyne, Yasuo Takeichi, Yoshio Takahashi

Version of Record online: 20 October 2022


“Asteroids and comets are thought to form in the inner and outer solar systems, respectively. Chondritic porous and smooth interplanetary dust particles (CP IDPs and CS IDPs, respectively) in the stratosphere are regarded as dust grains from comets and hydrated asteroids, respectively. Here, we describe an Antarctic micrometeorite (AMM) composed of lithologies of both CP and CS IDPs. In addition to the CS IDP-like compact lithology that experienced severe aqueous alteration, the CP IDP-like porous lithology shows evidence of very weak aqueous alteration. The structure of the organic matter in the porous lithology varies from that in the CP IDPs to aromatic-rich organic matter. In contrast, the structure of the organic matter in the compact lithology is homogenous, which is consistent with higher degrees of aqueous alteration. Its structure is more similar to that of CP IDPs and Wild 2 samples than that of meteoritic insoluble organic matter, suggesting that the compact lithology formed from the porous lithology. Some CP IDPs are related to cometary dust streams, such as those originating from 26P/Grigg-Skjellerup. In addition, the presence of this AMM indicates an additional origin of the CP IDPs and their equivalent AMMs. The mineralogy and organic chemistry of this AMM suggest that its parent body was composed of the same building blocks as those of the comets, and later experienced incomplete aqueous alteration. The AMM probably formed as microbreccia in the regolith layer composed of materials from a CP IDP-like crust and a hydrated interior.”