Protracted Timescales for Nebular Processing of First-formed Solids in the Solar SystemOPEN ACCESS 

Prajkta Mane, Maitrayee Bose, Meenakshi Wadhwa, and Céline Defouilloy

The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 946, Number 1, Published: 24 March 2023


“The calcium–aluminum-rich inclusions (CAIs) from chondritic meteorites are the first solids formed in the solar system. Rim formation around CAIs marks a time period in early solar system history when CAIs existed as free-floating objects and had not yet been incorporated into their chondritic parent bodies. The chronological data on these rims are limited. As seen in the limited number of analyzed inclusions, the rims formed nearly contemporaneously (i.e., <300,000 yr after CAI formation) with the host CAIs. Here we present the relative ages of rims around two type B CAIs from NWA 8323 CV3 (oxidized) carbonaceous chondrite using the 26Al–26Mg chronometer. Our data indicate that these rims formed ∼2–3 Ma after their host CAIs, most likely as a result of thermal processing in the solar nebula at that time. Our results imply that these CAIs remained as free-floating objects in the solar nebula for this duration. The formation of these rims coincides with the time interval during which the majority of chondrules formed, suggesting that some rims may have formed in transient heating events similar to those that produced most chondrules in the solar nebula. The results reported here additionally bolster recent evidence suggesting that chondritic materials accreted to form chondrite parent bodies later than the early-formed planetary embryos, and after the primary heat source, most likely 26Al, had mostly decayed away.”