Petrogenesis of the Dar al Gani (DaG) 1.1 Ma ejection-paired olivine-phyric shergottites and implications for ~470 Ma Martian volcanismOPEN ACCESS 

Tarryn Aucamp, Geoffrey H. Howarth, Chad J. Peel, Gelu Costin, James M. D. Day, Petrus le Roux, James M. Scott, Ansgar Greshake, Rainer Bartoschewitz

Version of Record online: 01 November 2023


“The Dar al Gani (DaG) olivine-phyric shergottites share mineralogical and geochemical characteristics, which confirm that these meteorites are derived from a single source. Bulk trace elements (La/Yb—0.12), in situ maskelynite 87Sr/86Sr (~0.7014) and redox estimates (FMQ ~ −2) indicate derivation from a depleted, reduced mantle reservoir; identical to all ~470 Ma shergottites ejected at 1.1 Ma. The DaG shergottites have been variably affected by terrestrial alteration, which precipitated carbonate along fractures and modified bulk-rock fluid mobile (e.g., Ba) elements. Nonetheless, sufficient data are available to construct a multi-stage formation model for the DaG shergottites and other 1.1 Ma ejection-paired shergottites that erupted at ~470 Ma. First, partial melting of a depleted mantle source occurred at 1540 ± 20°C and 1.2 ± 0.1 GPa, equivalent to > ~100 km depth. Then, initial crystallization in a staging chamber at ~85 km depth at the crust–mantle boundary took place, followed by magma evolution and variable incorporation of antecrystic olivine ± orthopyroxene. Subsequently, crystallization of olivine phenocrysts and re-equilibration of olivine antecrysts occurred within an ascending magma. Finally, magmas with variable crystal loads erupted at the surface, where varied cooling rates produced a range of groundmass textures. This model is similar to picritic flood basalt magmas erupted on Earth.”