Forging inner-disk Al-rich chondrules by interactions of CAI-like melt and ambient gas

Mingming Zhang, Kohei Fukuda, Michael J. Tappa, Guillaume Siron, William O. Nachlas, makoto Kimura, Kouki Kitajima, Ann M. Bauer, Noriko T. Kita

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
In Press, Journal Pre-proof, Available online 22 June 2024


“The mechanism of gas-melt interactions and the compositions of precursors are key to understanding the formation of chondrules. To shed light on the two enigmas, we studied the petrography, chemistry, and oxygen isotopes of six Al-rich chondrules (ARCs, five glassy and one plagioclase-bearing) in unequilibrated ordinary chondrites (OCs, petrologic subtype: 3.05). The plagioclase-bearing ARC was also investigated with Al-Mg chronology. Elemental zonation and inter-element correlations in glassy mesostasis of two ARCs indicate the condensation of gaseous Mg, SiO, Fe, and Na onto chondrule melt. The plagioclase-bearing ARC appears to display internal mass-independent oxygen isotope fractionation with δ18O increasing following the order of mineral crystallization, suggesting partial oxygen isotope exchange with ambient gas during crystallization. Oxygen isotopes of the six ARCs are distributed along a mixing line of slope = 0.99 ± 0.05, which intersects with calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions (CAIs), consistent with a small portion of OC type IA chondrules, but deviates from other OC ferromagnesium chondrules (FMCs) towards higher δ17O, suggesting that OC ARCs and some IA chondrules were established by interactions between CAI-like melts and 16O-poor ambient gas, rather than simply remelting solid mixtures of CAI and FMC materials.

All ARCs have unfractionated refractory lithophile element patterns with bulk concentrations ranging from ∼7 × CI to ∼15 × CI, indicating ∼ 30–100 % of CAI-like materials in their precursors. Their bulk compositions are linearly evolved toward the Mg: SiO ∼ 3:2 to 2:1 (in atomic) apex, consistent with adding gaseous Mg and SiO to the chondrule bulk via gas–melt interactions. The back-calculated compositions of the recycled CAI-like materials closely overlap with pyroxene-anorthite-rich CAIs, suggesting that extensive interactions between the melt of pyroxene-anorthite-rich CAI-like materials and ambient gas could make OC ARCs. The Al-Mg age of the plagioclase-bearing ARC is ∼2.2 Ma after CAIs, similar to typical OC FMCs, suggesting that the refractory component arrived in the OC reservoirs at the end of the chondrule heating events.”