One-pot synthesis of amino acid precursors with insoluble organic matter in planetesimals with aqueous activityOPEN ACCESS 

By Yoko Kebukawa, Queenie H. S. Chan, Shogo Tachibana, Kensei Kobayashi, Michael E. Zolensky

Science Advances 17 Mar 2017:
Vol. 3, no. 3, e1602093
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1602093


“The exogenous delivery of organic molecules could have played an important role in the emergence of life on the early Earth. Carbonaceous chondrites are known to contain indigenous amino acids as well as various organic compounds and complex macromolecular materials, such as the so-called insoluble organic matter (IOM), but the origins of the organic matter are still subject to debate. We report that the water-soluble amino acid precursors are synthesized from formaldehyde, glycolaldehyde, and ammonia with the presence of liquid water, simultaneously with macromolecular organic solids similar to the chondritic IOM. Amino acid products from hydrothermal experiments after acid hydrolysis include α-, β-, and γ-amino acids up to five carbons, for which relative abundances are similar to those extracted from carbonaceous chondrites. One-pot aqueous processing from simple ubiquitous molecules can thus produce a wide variety of meteoritic organic matter from amino acid precursors to macromolecular IOM in chondrite parent bodies.”