An automated bolide detection pipeline for GOES GLMOPEN ACCESS 

Jeffrey C. Smith, Robert L. Morris, Clemens Rumpf, Randolph Longenbaugh, Nina McCurdy, Christopher Henze, Jessie Dotson

First published: 04 June 2021



• GOES Geostationary Lightning Mappers can be used to detect bolides.
• A Random Forest detection algorithm has been deployed on the NASA Advanced Supercomputing facility Pleiades supercomputer.
• Bolide light curves are promptly published on a NASA hosted publicly accessible website,”

“The Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) instrument onboard the GOES 16 and 17 satellites has been shown to be capable of detecting bolides (bright meteors) in Earth’s atmosphere. Due to its large, continuous field of view and immediate public data availability, GLM provides a unique opportunity to detect a large variety of bolides, including those in the 0.1 to 3 m diameter range and complements current ground-based bolide detection systems, which are typically sensitive to smaller events. We present a machine learning-based bolide detection and light curve generation pipeline being developed at NASA Ames Research Center as part of NASA’s Asteroid Threat Assessment Project (ATAP). The ultimate goal is to generate a large catalog of calibrated bolide lightcurves to provide an unprecedented data set which will be used to inform meteor entry models on how incoming bodies interact with the Earth’s atmosphere and to infer the pre-entry properties of the impacting bodies. The data set will also be useful for other asteroidal studies. This paper reports on the progress of the first part of this ultimate goal, namely, the automated bolide detection pipeline.

Development of the training set, ML model training and iterative improvements in detection performance are presented. The pipeline runs in an automated fashion and bolide lightcurves along with other measured properties are promptly published on a NASA hosted publicly accessible website,”