The Fine-Scale Magnetic History of the Allende Meteorite: Implications for the Structure of the Solar NebulaOPEN ACCESS 

Roger R. Fu, Michael W. R. Volk, Dario Bilardello, Guy Libourel, Geoffroy R. J. Lesur, Oren Ben Dor

AGU Advances
First published: 17 August 2021


“Magnetic fields in the early solar system may have driven the inward accretion of the protoplanetary disk (PPD) and generated instabilities that led to the formation of planets and ring and gap structures. The Allende carbonaceous chondrite meteorite records a strong early solar system magnetic field that has been interpreted to have a PPD, dynamo, or impact-generated origin. Using high-resolution magnetic field imaging to isolate the magnetization of individual grain assemblages, we find that only Fe-sulfides carry a coherent magnetization. Combined with rock magnetic analyses, we conclude that Allende carries a magnetization acquired during parent body chemical alteration at ~3.0–4.2 My after calcium aluminum-rich inclusions in an >40 µT magnetic field. This early age strongly favors a magnetic field of nebular origin instead of dynamo or solar wind alternatives. When compared to other paleomagnetic data from meteorites, this strong intensity supports a central role for magnetic instabilities in disk accretion and the presence of temporal variations or spatial heterogeneities in the disk, such as ring and gap structures.”