Fossil records of early solar irradiation and cosmolocation of the CAI factory: A reappraisalOPEN ACCESS 

David V. Bekaert, Maureen Auro, Quinn R. Shollenberger, Ming-Chang Liu, Horst Marschall, Kevin W. Burton, Benjamin Jacobsen, Gregory A. Brennecka, Glenn J. McPherson, Richard von Mutius, Adam Sarafian, and Sune G. Nielsen

Science Advances • 29 Sep 2021 • Vol 7, Issue 40


“Calcium-aluminum–rich inclusions (CAIs) in meteorites carry crucial information about the environmental conditions of the nascent Solar System prior to planet formation. Based on models of 50V–10Be co-production by in-situ irradiation, CAIs are considered to have formed within ~0.1 AU from the proto-Sun. Here, we present vanadium (V) and strontium (Sr) isotopic co-variations in fine- and coarse-grained CAIs and demonstrate that kinetic isotope effects during partial condensation and evaporation best explain V isotope anomalies previously attributed to solar particle irradiation. We also report initial excesses of 10Be and argue that CV CAIs possess essentially a homogeneous level of 10Be, inherited during their formation. Based on numerical modeling of 50V–10Be co-production by irradiation, we show that CAI formation during protoplanetary disk build-up likely occurred at greater heliocentric distances than previously considered, up to planet-forming regions (~1AU), where solar particle fluxes were sufficiently low to avoid substantial in-situ irradiation of CAIs.”