26Aluminium from Massive Binary Stars. II. Rotating Single Stars Up to Core Collapse and Their Impact on the Early Solar System

Hannah E. Brinkman, J. W. den Hartogh, C. L. Doherty, M. Pignatari, and M. Lugaro

The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 923, Number 1


“Radioactive nuclei were present in the early solar system (ESS), as inferred from analysis of meteorites. Many are produced in massive stars, either during their lives or their final explosions. In the first paper of this series (Brinkman et al. 2019), we focused on the production of 26Al in massive binaries. Here, we focus on the production of another two short-lived radioactive nuclei, 36Cl and 41Ca, and the comparison to the ESS data. We used the MESA stellar evolution code with an extended nuclear network and computed massive (10–80 M⊙), rotating (with initial velocities of 150 and 300 km s−1) and nonrotating single stars at solar metallicity (Z= 0.014) up to the onset of core collapse. We present the wind yields for the radioactive isotopes 26Al, 36Cl, and 41Ca, and the stable isotopes 19F and 22Ne. In relation to the stable isotopes, we find that only the most massive models, ≥60 and ≥40 M⊙ give positive 19F and 22Ne yields, respectively, depending on the initial rotation rate. In relation to the radioactive isotopes, we find that the ESS abundances of 26Al and 41Ca can be matched with by models with initial masses ≥40 M⊙, while 36Cl is matched only by our most massive models, ≥60 M⊙. 60Fe is not significantly produced by any wind model, as required by the observations. Therefore, massive star winds are a favored candidate for the origin of the very short-lived 26Al, 36Cl, and 41Ca in the ESS.”