Possible Implications of Relatively High Levels of Initial 60Fe in Iron Meteorites for the Non-Carbonaceous — Carbonaceous Meteorite Dichotomy and Solar Nebula FormationOPEN ACCESS 

Alan P. Boss
accepted for ApJ

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“Cook et al. (2021) found that iron meteorites have an initial abundance ratio of the short-lived isotope 60Fe to the stable isotope 56Fe of 60Fe/56Fe ~ (6.4 +- 2.0) x 10^-7. This appears to require the injection of live 60Fe from a Type II supernova (SN II) into the presolar molecular cloud core, as the observed ratio is over a factor of ten times higher than would be expected to be found in the ambient interstellar medium (ISM) as a result of galactic chemical evolution. The supernova triggering and injection scenario offers a ready explanation for an elevated initial 60Fe level, and in addition provides a physical mechanism for explaining the non-carbonaceous — carbonaceous (NC-CC) dichotomy of meteorites. The NC-CC scenario hypothesizes the solar nebula first accreted material that was enriched in supernova-derived nuclides, and then later accreted material depleted in supernova-derived nuclides. While the NC-CC dichotomy refers to stable nuclides, not short-lived isotopes like 60Fe, the SN II triggering hypothesis provides an explanation for the otherwise unexplained change in nuclides being accreted by the solar nebula. Three dimensional hydrodynamical models of SN II shock-triggered collapse show that after triggering collapse of the presolar cloud core, the shock front sweeps away the local ISM while accelerating the resulting protostar/disk to a speed of several km/s, sufficient for the protostar/disk system to encounter within ~ 1 Myr the more distant regions of a giant molecular cloud complex that might be expected to have a depleted inventory of supernova-derived nuclides.”