In situ oxygen, magnesium, and silicon isotopic compositions of the FUN inclusion Vigarano 1623-5OPEN ACCESS 

Johanna Marin-Carbonne, Kevin D. McKeegan, Andrew M. Davis, Glenn J. MacPherson, Ruslan A. Mendybaev, Frank M. Richter

Version of Record online: 27 March 2023


“Oxygen, magnesium, and silicon isotopic abundances in Vigarano 1623-5 were studied using secondary ion mass spectrometry to investigate correlations between isotopic and petrologic properties of this unique forsterite-bearing FUN inclusion. Vigarano 1623-5 displays large, correlated mass-dependent fractionation effects, tightly linked to mineralogy within distinct petrologic units of the inclusion. The pyroxene-rich and melilite-rich interior parts of the inclusion display highly mass-fractionated isotopic compositions of oxygen, magnesium, and silicon, consistent with Rayleigh distillation during evaporation of a melt with initial oxygen composition close to a solar composition. However, the chemical composition, enriched in magnesium and silicon, suggests a precursor already fractionated by prior melt evaporation. A discontinuous igneous rim was produced by a flash-melting event followed by isotopic exchange in the rim melilite with planetary-like oxygen, mechanical fragmentation, and reassembly with an accretionary rim of heterogeneous materials. Al-rich minerals in 1623-5 show evidence for having crystallized with live 26Al but at less than the “canonical” level of most CV calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions. However, well-defined 26Al-26Mg isochrons are not found and temporal implications are ambiguous.”