26Al–26Mg chronology of high-temperature condensate hibonite in a fine-grained, Ca-Al-rich inclusion from reduced CV chondrite

Noriyuki Kawasaki, Daiki Yamamoto, Sohei Wada, Changkun Park, Hwayoung Kim, Naoya Sakamoto, Hisayoshi Yurimoto

MAPS, First published: 15 May 2023


“Al–Mg mineral isochron studies using secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) have revealed the initial 26Al/27Al ratios, (26Al/27Al)0, for individual Ca-Al-rich inclusions (CAIs) in meteorites. We find that the relative sensitivity factors of 27Al/24Mg ratio for SIMS analysis of hibonite, one of the major constituent minerals of CAIs, exhibit variations based on their chemical compositions. This underscores the critical need for using appropriate hibonite standards to obtain accurate Al−Mg data. We measured the Al−Mg mineral isochron for hibonite in a fine-grained CAI (FGI) from the Northwest Africa 8613 reduced CV chondrite by SIMS using synthesized hibonite standards with 27Al/24Mg of ~30, ~100, and ~400. The obtained mineral isochron of hibonite in the FGI yields (26Al/27Al)0 of (4.73 ± 0.09) × 10−5, which is identical to that previously obtained from the mineral isochron of spinel and melilite in the same FGI (Kawasaki et al., 2020). The uncertainties of (26Al/27Al)0 indicate that the constituent minerals in the FGI formed within ~0.02 Myr in the earliest solar system. The disequilibrium O-isotope distributions of the minerals in the FGI suggest that the O-isotope compositions of the nebular gas from which they condensed underwent a transitional change from 16O-rich to 16O-poor within ~0.02 Myr in the earliest solar system. Once formed, the FGI may have been removed from the forming region within ~0.02 Myr and transported to the accretion region of the parent body.”