Dynamical feasibility of (3) Juno as a parent body of the H chondrites

John W. Noonan, Kathryn Volk, David Nesvorný, William F. Bottke

In Press, Journal Pre-proof, Available online 12 October 2023


“We test the hypothesis that (3) Juno is a parent body of the H chondrites with dynamical modeling of an asteroid-family-forming impact and comparison to current observational data. Using a dynamical model that includes the Yarkovsky force on a simulated Juno family and a simplified cosmic ray exposure age model we examine the expected distribution of Juno family members in both the main belt and near-Earth orbits over 300 Myrs and the cosmic ray exposure distribution for fragments exiting the main belt, via the 3:1J, 5:2J, and 8:3J mean motion resonances. We find that the smallest modeled (D<10 m) family members of (3) Juno cannot be directly responsible for the observed H chondrite flux and that the breakup of larger family members creates an CRE distribution that resembles the measured H chondrite CRE distribution but is still unable to adequately explain the significant number of H chondrites with CRE ages of 6–8 Myrs. A similar model was performed for the asteroid (6) Hebe, another parent body candidate, and produced a CRE age distribution that is inconsistent with the measured H chondrite CRE ages. We also find from our dynamical models that we can expect 7 km-scale Juno family members in near-Earth orbits in the present day, consistent with the recent discovery of the shock-darkened H chondrite-like asteroid (52768) 1998 OR2.”