Highly siderophile element abundances and 187Re-187Os systematics in the Tafassasset carbonaceous-like primitive achondrite

Robert W. Nicklas, Kathryn G. Gardner-Vandy, James M. D. Day

MAPS, Version of Record online: 19 February 2024


“Highly siderophile elements (HSE) strongly partition into metal phases over silicate minerals and so offer important constraints on nebular and core formation processes acting on early planetesimals. Abundances of the HSE are also an important tool for constraining relationships between metal-rich meteorites. The first bulk rock and in situ HSE abundance and 187Re-187Os data are reported for the ungrouped metal-rich achondrite Tafassasset to examine models of its petrogenesis and origin. Bulk rock and metal grain HSE abundances are elevated at ~2 and ~15 times CI chondrite abundances, respectively, and are largely unfractionated from one another. Metal within Tafassasset is therefore likely to have quenched shortly after partial melting without significant fractional crystallization. Metal grain HSE abundances can be used to calculate a metal fraction of 14 ± 4 wt%, overlapping with the parent bodies of CC iron meteorites, which have also been related to Tafassasset using nucleosynthetic isotope anomalies. Despite such similarities, HSE systematics of bulk rock Tafassasset are not equivalent to any known chondrites, and metal grains do not overlap with iron meteorites or chondrite metal grains, precluding a direct genetic relationship.”