Corundum ± magnesium-deltalumite ± hibonite-bearing objects in the CH chondrite Sayh al Uhaymir 290

Konstantin M. Ryazantsev, Alexander N. Krot, Chi Ma, Marina A. Ivanova, Cyril A. Lorenz, Vasiliy D. Shcherbakov

MAPS, Version of Record online: 09 July 2024


“solated corundum grains and corundum ± Mg-deltalumite [(Al,Mg)(Al,◻)2O4] ± hibonite assemblages were investigated in the CH3.0 metal-rich carbonaceous chondrite Sayh al Uhaymir (SaU) 290. Although very refractory inclusions containing abundant Zr- and Sc-rich oxides and silicates, hibonite, grossite, or perovskite have been previously described in CH chondrites, this is the first discovery of corundum and Mg-deltalumite in CHs and the first discovery of Mg-deltalumite in nature. Magnesium-deltalumite can be indexed by the Fd3m spinel-type structure and gives a perfect fit to the synthetic Al-rich spinel cells. Corundum-Mg-deltalumite grains, 5–20 μm in size, are occasionally rimmed by a thin layer of hibonite replacing corundum. Some corundum grains contain tiny inclusions of ultrarefractory Zr,Sc-rich minerals and platinum-group element (PGE) nuggets. All corundum, hibonite, and Mg-deltalumite grains studied have 16O-rich compositions (average Δ17O ± 2SD = −22 ± 3‰). Two corundum grains show evidence for significant mass-dependent fractionation of oxygen isotopes: Δ18O ~ +34‰ and ~ +19‰. We suggest that the SaU 290 corundum-rich objects were formed by evaporation and/or condensation in a hot nebular region close to the proto-sun where the ambient temperature was close to the condensation temperature of corundum. A corundum grain with tiny inclusions of Zr- and Sc-rich phases and PGE metal nuggets recorded formation temperatures higher than the condensation temperature of corundum. Two corundum-rich objects with highly fractionated oxygen isotopes must have crystallized from a melt that experienced evaporation. Corundum grains corroded by hibonite recorded gas–solid interaction in this region during its cooling. The Mg-deltalumite ± corundum ± hibonite objects were formed by rapid crystallization of high-temperature (>2000°C) refractory melts. The lack of minerals with condensation temperatures below those of corundum and hibonite in the SaU 290 corundum-rich objects suggests that after formation, these objects were rapidly removed from the hot nebular region by disk wind and/or by turbulent diffusion and disk spreading.”