Hf-W chronology of the eucrite parent body

Mathieu Touboul, Peter Sprung, Sarah A. Aciego, Bernard Bourdon, Thorsten Kleine

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
available online 21 February 2015


The 182Hf-182W systematics of 12 whole-rock eucrites, including basaltic and cumulate samples, have been investigated. The Hf-W isotope systematics of both basaltic and cumulate eucrites are consistent with derivation from a single mantle source characterized by a strongly suprachondritic Hf/W ratio (180Hf/184W of ∼19). The elevated Hf/W of this mantle source was established by core formation within ∼1 Ma after CAI formation or, alternatively, represents that of the residual melt of a magma ocean from which the eucrites ultimately formed. In the latter case the time of core formation is more uncertain and core formation may have occurred slightly later than ∼1 Ma. The investigated basaltic eucrites fall into three distinct age groups with Hf-W ages of ∼4 Ma (Stannern), ∼11 Ma (Bereba, Bouvante) and ∼22 Ma (Camel Donga, Juvinas) after CAI formation and provide evidence for a protracted history of magmatism and crustal metamorphism on the eucrite parent body, lasting for at least ∼20 Ma. Evidence for even later activity is provided by the cumulate eucrites, which exhibit only small if any variations in 182W/184W in spite of variable 180Hf/184W, indicating cooling below the Hf-W closure temperature when 182Hf was nearly extinct. On the basis of three cumulate eucrites, a Hf-W age of 38±21 Ma is inferred, but even younger ages would also be consistent with the Hf-W data.