Ancient stardust in fine-grained chondrule dust rims from carbonaceous chondrites

Jan Leitner, Christian Vollmer, Christine Floss, Jutta Zipfel, Peter Hoppe

Earth and Planetary Science Letters
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available online 3 December 2015


“Carbonaceous chondrites are fragments from primitive parent asteroids, which represent some of the most primitive meteorites accessible for laboratory analysis and offer therefore the best opportunity to explore the chemical and physical conditions in the early Solar System. Here, we report the identification of presolar grains, which are circumstellar condensates that date back from before the formation of our Solar System, in fine-grained dust rims around chondrules in carbonaceous chondrites. Average presolar grain abundances in the rims of aqueously altered chondrites (petrologic type 2) are three times higher than in the respective interchondrule matrices, while for the most pristine specimens (petrologic type 3), the opposite is observed. The presence of these grains implies a nebular origin of the rim material, and gives evidence for differing alteration pathways for different reservoirs of fine-grained material found in primitive meteorites. Moreover, our findings indicate formation of the fine-grained rims in the solar nebula prior to parent-body accretion, giving support to accretionary scenarios for parent-bodies in the presence of dust-rimmed chondrules.”