Forming Chondrites in a Solar Nebula with Magnetically Induced Turbulence

Yasuhiro Hasegawa, Neal J. Turner, Joseph Masiero, Shigeru Wakita, Yuji Matsumoto, Shoichi Oshino

Updated (16 March 2016): abstract
Yasuhiro Hasegawa et al 2016 ApJ 820 L12

PDF (open access)

“Chondritic meteorites provide valuable opportunities to investigate origins of the solar system. We explore impact jetting as a mechanism to form chondrules and subsequent pebble accretion as a mechanism to accrete them onto parent bodies of chondrites, and investigate how these two processes can account for the currently available meteoritic data. We find that when the solar nebula is $\le 5$ times more massive than the minimum-mass solar nebula at $a \simeq 2-3$ AU and parent bodies of chondrites are $\le 10^{24}$ g ($\le$ 500 km in radius) there, impact jetting and subsequent pebble accretion can reproduce a number of properties of the meteoritic data. The properties include the present asteroid belt mass, formation timescale of chondrules, and the magnetic field strength of the nebula derived from chondrules in Semarkona. Since this scenario requires a first generation of planetesimals that trigger impact jetting and serve as parent bodies to accrete chondrules, the upper limit of parent bodies’ mass leads to the following implications: primordial asteroids that were originally $\ge 10^{24}$ g in mass were unlikely to contain chondrules, while less massive primordial asteroids likely had a chondrule-rich surface layer. The scenario developed from impact jetting and pebble accretion can therefore provide new insights into origins of the solar system. “