The initial 41Ca/40Ca ratios in two Type A Ca-Al-rich Inclusions: Implications for the origin of short-lived 41Ca

Ming-Chang Liu

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
In Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available online 26 October 2016


“This paper reports new 41Ca-41K isotopic data for two Type A CAIs, NWA 3118 #1Nb (Compact Type A) and Vigarano 3138 F8 (Fluffy Type A), from reduced CV3 chondrites. The NWA CAI is found to have carried live 41Ca at the level of (4.6±1.9)×10-9(4.6±1.9)×10-9, consistent with the proposed Solar System initial 41Ca/40Ca = 4.2×10-94.2×10-9 by Liu et al. (2012). On the other hand, the Vigarano CAI does not have resolvable radiogenic 41K excesses that can be attributed to the decay of 41Ca. Combined with the 26Al data that have been reported for these two CAIs, we infer that the 41Ca distribution was not homogeneous when 26Al was widespread at the canonical level of 26Al/27Al = 5.2×10-55.2×10-5. Such a 41Ca heterogeneity can be understood under two astrophysical contexts: in-situ charged particle irradiation by the protoSun in the solar nebula that had inherited some baseline 10Be abundance from the molecular cloud, and Solar System formation in a molecular cloud enriched in 26Al and 41Ca contaminated by massive star winds. That said, more high quality 41Ca data are still needed to better understand the origin of this radionuclide.”