Oxygen isotope reservoirs in the outer asteroid belt inferred from oxygen isotope systematics of chondrule olivines and isolated forsterite and olivine grains in Tagish Lake-type carbonaceous chondrites, WIS 91600 and MET 00432OPEN ACCESS 

Masakuni Yamanobe, Tomoki Nakamura, Daisuke Nakashima

Polar Science
Volume 15, March 2018, Pages 29-38


“To understand oxygen isotope ratios and redox conditions of the chondrule formation environments of the outer rigions of the asteroid belt, we analyzed major element concentrations and oxygen isotope ratios of olivine grains in chondrules, isolated forsterite, and isolated olivine from the WIS 91600 and MET 00432 carbonaceous chondrites, which are thought to have originated from D-type asteroids located in the outer asteroid belt. The oxygen isotope ratios of individual chondrules and isolated grains show a wide variation in δ18O from −9.9‰ to +9.1‰ along the carbonaceous chondrite anhydrous mineral (CCAM) and primitive chondrule mineral (PCM) lines. The Δ17O (= δ17O – 0.52 × δ18O) values of the measured objects increase with decreasing Mg#; i.e., FeO-poor objects (Mg# > 90; type I chondrules and isolated forsterites) mainly have Δ17O values of ca. −6‰, and FeO-rich objects (Mg# < 90; type II chondrules and isolated olivines) have Δ17O values ranging from −3‰ to +2‰. Similar trends are observed for ferromagnesian silicate particles from comet Wild2 and CR chondrite chondrules, particularly in terms of FeO-rich objects with Δ17O values ranging from −3‰ to +2‰. It is suggested that FeO-rich objects formed in the outer regions of the asteroid belt and were transported to the outer solar nebular regions where comet Wild2 formed."