Trajectory, orbit, and spectroscopic analysis of a bright fireball observed over Spain on April 13, 2013

José M. Madiedo, Josep M. Trigo-Rodríguez, Jaime Zamorano, Leonor Ana-Hernández, Jaime Izquierdo, José L. Ortiz, Aberto J. Castro-Tirado, Alejandro Sánchez de Miguel, Francisco Ocaña, Sensi Pastor, José A. de los Reyes, David Galadí, Enrique de Guindos, Faustino Organero, Fernando Fonseca and Jesús Cabrera-Caño

Astronomy&Astrophysics 569, Volume 569, September 2014



On April 13, 2013 a very bright fireball with an absolute magnitude of −13.0 ± 0.5 was recorded over the center of Spain. This sporadic event, which was witnessed by numerous casual observers throughout the whole country, was imaged from seven meteor-observing stations operated by the Spanish Meteor Network (SPMN), and its emission spectrum was also obtained in the framework of our meteor spectroscopy campaign. The atmospheric trajectory of the bolide and the heliocentric orbit of the parent meteoroid are analyzed here. The spectrum reveals a chondritic nature for this particle, which was following a Jupiter family comet orbit before its encounter with the Earth. In addition, the emission spectrum of the meteoric afterglow was recorded during about 0.8 s. The main emission lines appearing in this signal were identified and their evolution with time is also discussed. Afterglow spectra are not abundant in the literature, and these can provide important clues about the physical proceses taking place in meteoric persistent trains.