Stellar outbursts and chondrite compositionOPEN ACCESS 

Min Li, Zhaohuan Zhu, Shichun Huang, Ning Sui, Michail I. Petaev, Jason H. Steffen

submitted to ApJL


Update (13 November 2023): The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 958, Number 1


“The temperatures of observed protoplanetary disks are not sufficiently high to produce the accretion rate needed to form stars, nor are they sufficient to explain the volatile depletion patterns in CM, CO, and CV chondrites and terrestrial planets. We revisit the role that stellar outbursts, caused by high accretion episodes, play in resolving these two issues. These outbursts provide the necessary mass to form the star during the disk lifetime, and enough heat to vaporize planet-forming materials. We show that these outbursts can reproduce the observed chondrite abundances at distances near one AU. These outbursts would also affect the growth of calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions (CAIs) and the isotopic compositions of carbonaceous and non-carbonaceous chondrites. “