Igneous intrusion origin for the petrofabric of Erg Chech 002OPEN ACCESS 

C. Beros, K. T. Tait, V. E. Di Cecco, D. E. Moser

MAPS, Version of Record online: 19 May 2024


“Achondrites provide an opportunity to examine the igneous processes of differentiated bodies in our solar system. The recent discovery of several silica-rich achondrites suggests that andesitic crusts were more common among planetesimals than previously thought, though the processes behind their emplacement are not well understood. Here, electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) is used to investigate the igneous emplacement conditions of Erg Chech 002 (EC 002), a recently discovered ungrouped achondrite representing andesitic magmatism ~2 Myr after the formation of calcium–aluminum-rich inclusions (CAIs). EBSD analyses of crystallographic preferred orientations (CPOs) for augite and plagioclase feldspar phenocrysts indicate that EC 002 exhibits a weak foliation CPO. Augite misorientation inverse pole figures (mIPF) indicate preferential slip along the (100)[001] system with a distinct shift toward the {0kl}[u0w] system in plastically deformed grains. Our findings support the hypothesis that EC 002 was likely emplaced in the lower regions of a magmatic intrusion. Augite slip signatures suggest that EC 002 crystallization and emplacement were restricted to high temperatures (>800°C) and experienced at least two strain regimes. The distinct shift from a dominant (100)[001] slip system, which corresponds to high temperatures (800–1050°C), to a [0kl][u0w] slip system indicates an increased strain rate due to shock deformation (1–5 GPa) attributed to ejection by hypervelocity impact.”