Modeling the evolution of the parent body of acapulcoites and lodranites: A case study for partially differentiated asteroids

Wladimir Neumann, Stephan Henke, Doris Breuer, Hans-Peter Gail, Winfried H. Schwarz, Mario Trieloff, Jens Hopp, Tilman Spohn

Available online 30 March 2018



• We model the thermo-chemical evolution of the acapulcoite-lodranite parent body.
• We fit the thermo-chronological data and the differentiation degree of meteorites.
• We derive optimized parameters (size, formation time, etc.) for the parent body.
• Final structure: Core, mantle, partially differentiated, and primordial layer.
• Primitive achondritic and differentiated material on a common parent body.”

“The acapulcoites and lodranites are rare groups of primitive achondrites that originate from a common parent body and are of particular interest since they experienced only partial melting. We calculated thermal evolution and differentiation models of the parent body of the Acapulco-Lodran meteorite clan. The models were compared to the maximum metamorphic temperatures, differentiation degree, and thermo-chronological data available. An optimized set of parameters which fits to the data was determined: A radius of ≈ 260 km, a formation time of ≈ 1.7 Ma after CAIs and an initial temperature of ≈ 250 K. The burial depths derived are 7-13 km. The respective layers experienced minor melting and small-scale melt migration, matching the differentiation degree of the meteorites. The resulting structure has an iron core, a silicate mantle, a partially differentiated layer, and an undifferentiated outer shell. Our results indicate a larger size, an earlier formation time, and a formation closer to the sun of the parent body of acapulcoites and lodranites than typical estimates for ordinary chondritic parent bodies, consistent with a stronger thermal metamorphism. The burial depths support excavation by a single impact. The presence of core and mantle indicates that these meteorites could share a common parent body with differentiated stony and iron meteorites.”