Origin and age of metal veins in Canyon Diablo graphite nodules

Connor D. Hilton, Richard D. Ash, Philip M. Piccoli, David A. Kring, Timothy J. McCoy, Richard J. Walker

Meteoritics & Planetary Science
First Published: 9 April 2020


“Previous studies attributed the origin of metal veins penetrating graphite nodules in the Canyon Diablo IAB main group iron meteorite to condensation from vapor or melting of host metal. Abundances of 16 siderophile elements measured in kamacite within vein and host meteorite are most consistent with an origin by melting of the host metal followed by fractional crystallization of the liquid. The presence of the veins within graphite nodules may be explained by impact, as peak shock temperatures, and thus the most likely areas to undergo metal melting are at metal–graphite interfaces. The origin of the veins is constrained by Re‐Os chronometry to have occurred early (>4 Ga) in solar system history.”