Evidence for oxygen-isotope exchange in refractory inclusions from Kaba (CV3.1) carbonaceous chondrite during fluid-rock interaction on the CV parent asteroidOPEN ACCESS 

Alexander N. Krot, Kazuhide Nagashima, Krisztián Fintor, Elemér Pál-Molnár

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta


“We report on the mineralogy, petrology, and in situ measured oxygen-isotope compositions of three Fluffy Type A Ca,Al-rich inclusions (FTA CAIs) and two amoeboid olivine aggregates (AOAs) from the CV3.1 carbonaceous chondrite Kaba. The FTA CAIs are aggregates of several inclusions composed of spinel, Al,Ti-diopside, and gehlenitic melilite replaced to various degrees by anorthite; they are surrounded by the Wark-Lovering rim layers made of spinel, anorthite, Al-diopside, and forsterite. One of FTA CAIs contains a relict ultrarefractory inclusion composed of Sc-rich Al,Ti-pyroxene, spinel, and Zr-rich oxides. The AOAs are aggregates of Ca- and/or Al-rich minerals (spinel, anorthite, and Al,Ti-diopside) surrounded by forsterite ± Fe,Ni-metal condensates; Fe,Ni-metal is almost entirely replaced by magnetite and Fe,Ni-sulfides. Neither the FTA CAIs nor the AOAs show evidence for being melted after aggregation, and contain very minor secondary alteration minerals resulted from fluid-rock interaction on the CV parent asteroid. These include magnetite, fayalite, hedenbergite, phyllosilicates, and Fe-bearing Ti-free Al-diopside; secondary anorthite of asteroidal origin is absent in Kaba CAIs and AOAs. There are large variations in Δ17O (deviation from the terrestrial fractionation line = δ17O – 0.52×δ18O) within the individual FTA CAIs and AOAs: anorthite and melilite are systematically 16O-depleted (Δ17O range from ∼ −14 to ∼ −2‰) relative to the uniformly 16O-rich forsterite and Al,Ti-diopside (Δ17O ∼ −25 to −20±2‰, 2σ). Scandium-rich Al,Ti-pyroxene has 16O-poor composition (Δ17O ∼ −4‰). Many anorthite and melilite analyses plot close to or along mass-dependent fractionation line with Δ17O of −1.5±1‰ (average ± 2SD) defined by the aqueously-formed magnetite and fayalite from Kaba, and, therefore, corresponding to Δ17O of an aqueous fluid that operated on the CV parent asteroid. We conclude that anorthite and probably melilite in the Kaba FTA CAIs and AOAs experienced postcrystallization oxygen-isotope exchange with this fluid. The similar process must have affected plagioclase/plagioclase mesostasis and probably melilite in refractory inclusions and chondrules from CV3 chondrites of higher petrologic types [e.g., Allende (CVoxA3.6) and Efremovka (CVred3.1–3.4)], which appear to have experienced higher temperature metasomatic alteration than Kaba and were subsequently metamorphosed.

We conclude that the carbonaceous chondrite anhydrous mineral (CCAM) line defined by oxygen-isotope compositions of whole-rock and mineral separates of Allende CAIs and having a slope of 0.94 is not the primary nebular line. Instead this line results from superposition of the nebular slope-1 line recorded by the primitive chondrule mineral (PCM) line, the mass-dependent fractionation line with slope of ∼0.5 defined by the secondary minerals, and the minerals which experienced oxygen-isotope exchange with an aqueous fluid.”