GOES GLM, biased bolides, and debiased distributionsOPEN ACCESS 

Anthony Ozerov, Jeffrey C. Smith, Jessie L. Dotson, Randolph S. Longenbaugh, Robert L. Morris

In Press, Journal Pre-proof, Available online 24 October 2023


Update (7 November 2023): PDF (OPEN ACCESS)

“The large combined field of view of the Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) instruments onboard the GOES weather satellites makes them useful for studying the population of other atmospheric phenomena, such as bolides. Being a lightning mapper, GLM has many detection biases when applied to non-lightning and these systematics must be studied and properly accounted for before precise measurements of bolide flux can be ascertained. We developed a Bayesian Poisson regression model which simultaneously estimates instrumental biases and our statistic of principal interest: the latitudinal variation of bolide flux. We find that the estimated bias due to the angle of incident light upon the instrument corresponds roughly with the known sensitivity of the GLM instruments. We compare our latitudinal flux variation estimates to existing theoretical models and find our estimates consistent with GLM being strongly biased towards high-velocity bolides.”